Águilas and history: Historical origins of Aguilas

The Roman vestiges of the 2nd century AC found in the coves of the Hornillo, Fraile island and the coastal promontory that gave name to the city, prove that this spot located on the border of the ancient Kingdom of Murcia and the Kingdom of Granada had settlements since Antiquity.
Surveillance trips of Verboon and Feringan between 1720 and 1740 led to the construction of the of the San Juan de las Aguilas castle for the defence and protection of the shipping labours in the port. The Anglo-French and Berber ship raids that threatened the territorial integrity of Spain in the early 18th century motivated both enlargement of the castle and the establishment of a village in 1766 on the express recommendation of the Count of Aranda to King Charles III.
Until almost the end of the 19th century the population of Las Aguilas was considered more as a military and strategic interest than a commercial enclave. But maps made by Geronimo Martínez de Lara dated in 1787 show the evolution and the design of a village that follows the more genuine urban canon of the Enlightenment, finally abandoning the fortified and defensive model first and originally proposed.
The expulsion of the French and the proclamation of the Spanish Constitution of 1812 would be what motivate Aguilas constituted its first town hall, oath materialized on July 19, 1812 by the military, administrative and ecclesiastical authorities of the village. No doubt this was the most incipient and important historical event for the city since the 12th century the Arabs built a tower on the characteristic rocky promontory called Hins Al-Akila.
For this reason this book commemorates the bicentennial of the Constitutional Council of Aguilas.

(This book was published in July 2012)

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